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The patron

Jan Henryk Dąbrowski was born in Pierzchowiec near Bochnia. In Poland he spent only his childhood and early youthful years. In 1771 he enlisted as a volounteer in the Saxon army. He promoted there, becoming a cavalry captain of the royal guard. He got solid military education. He was characterised by the thorough knowledge of the art of war.

Dąbrowski came back to his homeland in 1792, to work on an extension of the Polish army. He firstly received a colonel's degree and shortly after that he became a brigadier. His mission was to reorganize and expand Wielkopolska's drive. After the end of the war with Russia, in which he was not able to take part, he engaged in instructing 1st Brigade of Wielkopolska. When after the second partition of Poland Prussians invaded Wielkopolska, he resisted them in Gniezno. Having retreated closer to the capital, wanting to redisplay quick divisions near Warsaw, occupying arsenal, and then waging the offensive war against Prussians. Arranging his plan Dąbrowski thought, that Russian armies will keep neutrality. However, it happened differently. Russian commander Igelstrom ordered to put troops and twenty cannons in Warsaw's district - Wola and reinforced the Moscow's Garrison in the city. Dąbrowski had to abandon his intensions. In April 1793 he retreated to Sandomierz. In agreement with general Wodzicki, Dąbrowski put up a new idea of gathering whole Polish army near Cracow and ploughing with it to revolutionary France. Dąbrowski forseed that neither the Prussian nor the Austrian army will be able to disturb this march. However, also this intension did not come into being, what was the result of Targowica. He wanted to save remainders of the Polish army working in a military committee.

During Kościuszko's insurection Dąbrowski entered into the uprising shortly after the liberation of Warsaw. He organized the protection of the capital from the west. He gained an acknoledgement of Kościuszko, who appointed him general. He particularly distinguished himself by forcing back the Prussian's attack from the side of Powązki (28th August 1794). Then, by the order of Kościuszko, he undertook a difficult task of getting (with three-hundred-thousandth detachment) to Prussians backs in Wielkopolska to support local insurgents. Despite tenfold superiority Prussians were not able to seize him. Dąbrowski's actions had a great meaning because they contributed to the relief of Warsaw.




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